Technology is the collective term for any new techniques, practices, methods, or systems used in the creation of new products or services or in the achievement of specific objectives, including scientific research. The term was first used in this way by the American linguist, Francis Bacon (1791-1800). The concept of technology can also be used to refer to an application in science, engineering, medicine, and other applied areas. It can also be used as a generic term for any means of achieving a particular result, including cultural engineering, information technology, and information systems.
In the United States, technology has become a very prominent part of life. A growing number of businesses, organizations, and individuals are operating using computers and technology as a means of achieving a number of goals, including product development, advertising, communication, education, financial management, manufacturing, networking, product design, and much more. Computers and technology are now an integral part of society. Everyone uses technology each day, whether at work, at school, in sports, in the home, or through their daily interactions with other people. Although the rapid spread of technology into society has brought about many positive changes, there are also some negative aspects. Some negative effects of technology are:
Technological change can have negative consequences on society, especially if it is not handled properly. One example of this is with regard to the use of nuclear weapons. Some people may consider using such weapons against others because of the perceived danger of collateral damage. Others may be concerned that using such weapons will lead to the annihilation of human beings.
Another example is when some people are against the use of new technologies in general. One of the most cited examples is the fear of technology affecting human intelligence. There is some evidence that is concerned about this impact, but experts debate on the extent of the impact that technology has on human intelligence. This concern is important to examine because the impact on society will depend on how society responds to the new technologies.
Another impact of new technology is on the distribution of wealth. Because of the new technologies that enable faster and more accurate data collection, some industries are experiencing an increase in income. However, this also means that there will be a decreasing wealth divide between the rich and poor. The concerns about wealth gaps are real concerns, even though the debate on this issue often focuses on the impact on technology.
A society that does not adapt to new technologies quickly and efficiently may be unable to adjust to the impact of the technology. In addition, the overall quality of life might decrease because of the increased productivity brought about by the technology. Therefore, society should embrace the technology, but make sure that the technology enhances rather than reduces the quality of life.